Monday, September 13, 2021

Why I am offering NFTs as a crowdfunding perk

Non-equity funding campaigns are always based on promises: "Back us now, and we promise you early access to the product when we launch, or we promise you a discount, digital shout-out or swags". I am currently running an Indiegogo campaign where the promise will also include an NFT: Non Fungible Token, which is a digital artifact that can be used to prove things like ownership. This, as far as I know, is the first time NFTs would be used in this capacity.

In this post, I will shed some light on what NFTs are and share my thoughts on why they are a  perfect perk for a non-equity crowdfunding campaign. In doing so, I will touch on my thoughts on the continual march towards the digitalization of the human experience. How digitalization and technologies like virtual/augmented reality, blockchain technology, etc are making it possible to further digitize aspects of society and human interaction that were previously rife with problems or just plain impossible to digitize.

By the way, my campaign is to kickstart the development of DishAfrik: a recipe app to discover, enjoy and share African recipes. Think of it as Yummly or but focused on African cuisine. One of the perks of the campaign is going to be 54 uniquely generated collages made up of 54 recipes from 54 countries. 54 because currently Africa is home to 54 fully recognised sovereign states.

You should check out the IndieGoGo campaign and back the project :) Find it here 

  • Ever since the third industrial revolution, there has been a march towards digitalization of the physical world. 
  • Blockchain-related technologies, like NFTs, provided the possibility to digitize aspects of the physical world that relied on scarcity, uniqueness, and proof of ownership, aspects that were previously hard to digitize. 
  • DishAfrik's Indiegogo campaign will be making use of NFTs as a perk, using it as a way to capture participation, while also creating digital art in the form of a recipe collage that can also be owned.

Friday, June 11, 2021

Understanding the Magic behind Utility Types in TypeScript

This post will be the conlcuding post in the Introduction to Advanced Types in TypeScript series. It looks at some of the utility Types in TypeScript, explain how it works while pointing out the features within the TypeScript type system that makes it possible.

Why TypeScript?

TypeScript comes with a powerful and expressive type system. Its expressiveness makes it a joy to work with while its powerful features makes it possible to build, and scale large codebases by providing type safety.

One of the ways TypeScript brings about type safety is by providing developers the tool to manipulate types in ways that encode constraints within the type system. This then ensures that code that could lead to runtime exception do not compile, making it possible to catch errors during development time and not in production. One of such tools TypeScript provides for this are Utility Types.

Utility Types are a set of Generic Types that come natively within TypeScript that makes it possible to transform one type into another. This sort of type transformation is useful because it makes it possible to take exiting types, and apply modifications to it which would ensure the enforcement of certain constraints.

In this post, we would look at 2 of such Utility type and how they could be used to provide more type safety. After that, we would take a step back to understand some of the other TypeScript features that come together to make Utility Types possible. Armed with this knowledge, we will then demystify Utility types by taking a peek under the hood of the 2 Utility types in focus to see how they are implemented.

Monday, June 07, 2021

First impressions with Deno from building is a content aggregator for all things TypeScript. It regularly polls RSS feeds for TypeScript related content, which it then list on the site, send out as a tweet via @planetypescript, and also as a weekly digest to subscribers.

Back when I used to write a lot of Java-related content on this blog, I found out that my blog ended up on, which is a site that aggregates Java contents. So when I decided to play around with Deno, I thought a nice little idea would be to build something similar to, but for TypeScript. And that is how was born.

In this post, I will share some of my first impressions with Deno. The things I enjoyed and the bits I found inconvenient. Let's start with the cool stuff.

Friday, May 28, 2021

3 Ways to Name Types in Typescript

TypeScript type's system is structural and hence, it allows for the easy creation of types based on the shape of data. These types can be created and used without having a name. For example:

let john: {name: string, age: number} = { 
  name: "John Doe", 
  age: 30

Where {name: string, age: number} is the type defined.

But there is a problem with using the type definition this way. If we want to create another person and annotate another variable with the type, we would need to repeat ourselves:

let john: {name: string, age: number} = {
  name: "John Doe", 
  age: 30

let jane: {name: string, age: number} = {
   name: "Jane Doe", 
   age: 45

This is not dry.

Saturday, May 22, 2021

How to implement sleep function in JavaScript

Most popular mainstream languages have a sleep functionality that allows for the pausing of code execution for a specified amount of time. Not surprising this functionality is often implemented via a function usually named sleep. For example:

// ruby
// python
import time
// Java
// Perl

JavaScript does not have a similar sleep function, although it has the setTimeout function which can be used to achieve a similar purpose. The only problem is, using setTimeout is not as convenient as one would like. This is due to the fact that setTimeout is an asynchronous function, hence one would have to continue the execution of the code, in the callback passed to it, after the elapsed time.

console.log("Executing code..."); 
setTimeout(() => { 
console.log("continue after pause"); 
}, 3000)

This is not convenient.

A more convenient option would be to have something similar to:

console.log("Executing code..."); 
// sleep for some time
// sleep()
console.log("continue after pause");

Unfortunately, this does not exist natively in JavaScript. But this is not to say we can't implement one!

Thursday, May 20, 2021

Callback, Promise and Async/Await by Example in JavaScript

This post is going to show,  by way of code examples, how to take a callback based API, modify it to use Promises and then use the Async/Await syntax. This post won't go into a detailed explanation of callbacks, promises or the Async/Await syntax. For such a detailed explanation of these concepts please check Asynchronous JavaScript, which is a section of MDN Web Docs, that explains asynchronicity and how callbacks, promises, and the Async/Await syntax helps with working with asynchronous JavaScript.

This post is meant for the developer who has somewhat of an understanding of asynchronicity in JavaScript, but requires a straight to the point code example to serve as a quick syntax reference for how to take a callback based API, update it to use promises and finally use the Async/Await with it.

For demonstration purposes, we are going to use the fs.readFile, which is a callback based API from reading files. We will have a file test.txt that would contain some text, we will then have a file script.js that would open the file, read the contents, and print it to the terminal.

The code will first be implemented using callbacks, it would then be updated to use Promises, and finally, instead of using Promise directly, it will be updated to use Async/Await.

Let's get started.

Sunday, May 09, 2021

ip-num v1.3.2 has been released

ip-num is A TypeScript/JavaScript library for working with ASN, IPv4, and IPv6 numbers. It provides representations of these internet protocol numbers with the ability to perform various IP related operations like parsing, validating etc, on them.

A new version of ip-num, version 1.3.2 is now available.

This release contains one new feature and a bug fix.

Add method to split range into smaller ranges of certain size

In previous versions of ip-num, it was possible to take IP ranges with prefix less than /32 and split them into two. For example:

import {IPv4CidrRange} from "ip-num/IPRange";
import {IPv4Prefix} from "ip-num/Prefix";

let ipv4CidrRange = IPv4CidrRange.fromCidr("");
let splitRanges: Array<IPv4CidrRange> = ipv4CidrRange.split();

// console logs:

splitRanges.forEach(range => console.log(range.toCidrString()))

But what if one needs to take an IP range and instead of just splitting into two, there is the requirement to split into a number of ranges with a specified prefix? Well, that is now possible with the addition of splitInto method:

import {IPv4CidrRange} from "ip-num/IPRange";
import {IPv4Prefix} from "ip-num/Prefix";

let ipv4CidrRange = IPv4CidrRange.fromCidr("");
let splitRanges: Array<IPv4CidrRange> = 

// console logs:

splitRanges.forEach(range => console.log(range.toCidrString()))

RangedSet.isCidrAble() incorrect results

Previous versions of ip-num failed to properly report that a string representing a single IP can be represented in the CIDR notation. This has now been fixed:

import {RangedSet} from "ip-num/IPRange";

let rangedSet= RangedSet.fromRangeString("");

// now returns true

As always, ip-num is just an npm install or npm upgrade away.

Feel free to open an issue to discuss a feature or to report a bug.